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人工智能 (AI) 利用深度学习技术改进高级驾驶辅助系统(ADAS)

Artificial Intelligence and machine learning has significantly revolutionized the Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS), by utilizing the strength of deep learning techniques. ADAS relies heavily on deep learning to analyze and interpret large amounts of data obtained from a wide range of sensors. Cameras, LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), radar, and ultrasonic sensors are examples of these sensors. The data collected in real-time from the surrounding environment of the vehicle encompasses images, video, and sensor readings.

embeddedcomputing.com/, Oct. 11, 2023 – 

By effectively incorporating machine learning development techniques into the training of deep learning models, ADAS systems can analyze the sensor data in real-time and make informed decisions to enhance driver safety and assist in driving tasks, making it future ready for autonomous driving.

They can also estimate distances, velocities, and trajectories of surrounding objects, allowing ADAS systems to predict potential collisions and provide timely warnings or take preventive actions. Let's dive into the key steps of deep learning techniques in ADAS and tools commonly used in the development and deployment of ADAS systems.

Key Steps in the Development and Deployment of Deep Learning Models for ADAS

Data preprocessing

Data preprocessing in ADAS focuses on preparing collected data for effective analysis and decision-making. It involves tasks such as cleaning data to remove errors and inconsistencies, handling missing values through interpolation or extrapolation, addressing outliers, and normalizing features. For image data, resizing ensures consistency, while normalization methods standardize pixel values. Sensor data, such as LiDAR or radar readings, may undergo filtering techniques like noise removal or outlier detection to enhance quality.

By performing these preprocessing steps, the ADAS system can work with reliable and standardized data, improving the accuracy of predictions and overall system performance.

Network architecture selection

Network architecture selection is another important process in ADAS as it optimizes performance, ensures computational efficiency, balances model complexity, and interpretability, enables generalization to diverse scenarios, and adapts to hardware constraints.

By choosing appropriate architectures, such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for visual tasks and Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) or Long Short-Term Memory Networks (LSTM) for sequential data analysis, ADAS systems can improve accuracy, achieve real-time processing, interpret model decisions, and effectively handle various driving conditions while operating within resource limitations.

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